Working it out
Looking at the BIG picture
Trial and Error

Often at the very young stage they are really motivated to try to make sense of things. They need to be encouraged to express what they think and feel about problems. Give them time and the opportunity to describe what they see and feel.

They need to be made aware of their different senses, but in particular how they communicate - whether that be by the spoken word, by writing and drawing, or by gesture.

In terms of using number, colour and shape they can be asked to explain why sequences follow a pattern.

Peer working is great: get them to invent situations or games and get them to explain the rules to their friends.